Sickle Cell Test is a laboratory test that is used to diagnose sickle cell disease (SCD) and sickle cell trait (SCT). SCD is a genetic disorder that affects the shape and function of red blood cells, causing them to become rigid and “sickle” shaped, which can lead to various complications, including pain, anemia, and organ damage.
The test typically involves analyzing a blood sample to identify the presence of abnormal hemoglobin, specifically hemoglobin S (HbS), which is characteristic of SCD. It can also determine whether an individual has sickle cell trait, which means they carry one abnormal hemoglobin gene (HbS) and one normal hemoglobin gene (HbA). People with sickle cell trait usually do not have the severe symptoms associated with SCD but can pass the trait to their offspring.